We interrupt your regular program for quite an extraordinary moment in the history of the United States.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. National Prisoner Statistics, Annual estimates of resident population by sex, race, and Hispanic origin for the United States, states and counties: April 1, to July 1, See Methodology section for additional information.
The scale of racial disparity in incarceration can also be seen by comparing states that have lower than average black incarceration rates to those with higher than average white incarceration rates.
Here we find that the states with the highest white incarceration rates Oklahoma, Idaho, Texas, Florida, and Arizona fall below the states with the lowest black rates Hawaii, Massachusetts13 Data from Massachusetts in this report should be interpreted with caution.
The system of incarceration in Massachusetts is somewhat unique in that this state uses county-level houses of corrections to hold some inmates who have been convicted of felonies and sentenced up to 2.
The population of prisoners in houses of corrections is approximately 5, but the racial composition of those incarcerated at these institutions is not publicly reported. For this reason, estimates in this report do not include inmates in houses of corrections.
As a result, the rates of incarceration by race and ethnicity are underestimated. For more on the composition of Massachusetts prison system, see: Massachusetts Department of Corrections Drivers of Disparity Persistent racial disparities have long been a focus in criminological research and the presence of disparities is not disputed.
Racial disproportionality of U. Law, social standing and racial disparities in imprisonment. Social Forces 66 3: State racial disparities in imprisonment.
The Sentencing Project; Sorenson, J. Racial disproportionality in state prison admissions: Can regional variation be explained by differential arrest rates? Journal of Criminal Justice State rates of incarceration by race and ethnicity. The Sentencing Project; Tonry, M.
Racial Disproportions in US Prisons. British Journal of Criminology 34 1: Proposed explanations for disparities range from variations in offending based on race to biased decisionmaking in the criminal justice system, and also include a range of individual level factors such as poverty, education outcomes, unemployment history, and criminal history.
Racial disproportionality in the American prison population: Using the Blumstein method to address the critical race and justice issues of the 21st Century.
Justice Policy Journal 5 2: Research in this area finds a smaller amount of unwarranted disparity for serious crimes like homicide than for less serious crimes, especially drug crimes. He noted that if there was no discrimination after arrest, the racial makeup of prisoners should approximate the population of arrestees.
The greatest amount of unexplained disparity was found among drug offenses: University of Colorado Law Review 64 3: Subsequent studies have replicated this work with more recent data and found even higher amounts of unexplained disparities, particularly in the category of drug arrests.
Reassessing and redirecting research on race and sentencing. An American dilemma continues. For less serious crimes, authorities may exercise greater discretion at the point of arrest.American Drug War: The Last White Hope is a documentary film by writer/director Kevin Booth about the War on Drugs in the United States.
Synopsis. The film states the War on Drugs has become one of the longest and most. The American Empire.
By Wade Frazier. Revised July Purpose and Disclaimer. Timeline. Introduction.
The New World Before “Discovery,” and the First Contacts. Rick Atkinson is the bestselling author of An Army at Dawn (winner of the Pulitzer Prize for history), The Day of Battle, The Long Gray Line, In the Company of Soldiers, and initiativeblog.com many other awards include a Pulitzer Prize for journalism, the George Polk award, and .
As we have seen in the United States in vibrant real time over the last several years, the media have become a battleground for the powerful to fight it out with the goal of altering public.
American Drug War: The Last White Hope is a documentary film by writer/director Kevin Booth about the War on Drugs in the United States.
Film Description. Clinton tells the story of a president who rose from a broken childhood in Arkansas to become one of the most successful politicians in modern American history and one of the.