Are female athletes treated fairly

April 12 is now known as Equal Pay Day — the day when — on average — women have finally earned as much as men did by Dec. The occasion led Ben Rothenberga contributing writer to The New York Times, to consider the first time men and women got paid the same amount of money to win a major tennis tournament. It was at the US Open inbut it wasn't the tournament's idea. If the players are not willing to walk away, they cannot change their wages.

Are female athletes treated fairly

Achilles tendonitis in runners: A degenerative overuse injury best treated with eccentric heel drops Introduction Achilles tendonitis is an extremely common injury, not just in running but in many sports.

The severity of overuse injuries to the Achilles tendon can range from dull soreness that barely impacts your ability to run or play sports to chronic, debilitating pain that can last for months or years.

Fortunately, due to its high incidence in athletes, Achilles tendonitis is a fairly well-studied injury. The majority of Achilles tendonitis cases occur at the midpoint of the Achilles, a few inches above the heel. This is called insertional Achilles tendonitis.

While the majority of studies focus on midpoint Achilles tendonitis, and as such it is the better-understood variant, there is nevertheless a good deal that can be learned about insertional Achilles tendonitis as well.

This article deals specifically with midpoint Achilles tendonitis; if you are interested in insertional Achilles tendonitis, a detailed follow-up article is in the works, or you can read this article on insertional Achilles tendonitis that accompanied the original Achilles tendonitis post.

Unless otherwise qualified in this article, "Achilles tendonitis" will refer specifically to midpoint Achilles overuse injury. Terminology While "tendonitis" is by far the most common term used to refer to overuse injury to the Achilles tendon, it is not a strictly accurate term.

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The suffix "-itis" implies that the root cause or main feature of some condition is inflammation—as is the case in appendicitis, gingavitis, and so on. But, as we'll see in the research papers reviewed below, inflammation of the Achilles tendon or its surrounding tissues is not a common finding in athletes with overuse injuries to the Achilles.

Rather, their pain is caused by real, physical damage to and degradation of the small fibers that make up the Achilles tendon. Because of this, some doctors and researchers advocate renaming the injury "Achilles tendonosis" or "Achilles tendinopathy" to make it clear that degeneration of the tendon fibers is the root of the problem.

Despite my support for this idea, I will use "tendonitis" in this article, as it is still the most common term for the injury. In older literature, you might also see phrases like "Achilles tenosyndovitis" or "Achilles peritendinitis," terms which indicates that the source of the problem lies in the tissue that surrounds the Achilles tendon proper.

Research on this is limited, so it is not clear to what extent if any injury to the sheath surrounding the Achilles plays a role in Achilles tendonitis. Anatomy The Achilles tendon is the large, thick tendon at the back of your ankle.

Are female athletes treated fairly

It connects the calf muscles to the base of your heel, and comes under very high tension both during impact with the ground, where the Achilles and calf help absorb the shock of landing, and during the "push-off" phase of running, when the calf and Achilles extend the ankle, propelling you off the ground.

Though the Achilles tendon is "flexible" in the mechanical sense, its stiffness is more in line with that of a car's suspension spring than a rubber band—it would take around pounds of force to stretch your Achilles by an inch! Unfortunately, the magnitude of the forces that the Achilles handles during running and jumping are also probably responsible for its tendency to get injured.

The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles--both the gastrocnemius and the soleus--to the heel. Some doctors and researchers refer to both muscles as one unit: Like all tendons, the Achilles is made up of collagen, a long-stranded protein that makes up much of the tough, fibrous material in your body: In tendons, collagen is neatly arranged in a smooth, wavy pattern as shown below.

In an injured tendon, the collagen fibers appear disorganized, damaged, and degraded top left and top right. As with most parts of your musculoskeletal system, tendons repair themselves after normal stresses that occur during exercise and become stronger over time. But when the cumulative stress on a tendon becomes too great for the body to repair fully, overuse injury occurs.

The injury process When the Achilles tendon becomes injured, the structure of the collagen near the injury site becomes disrupted. Initially, this disruption to normal tendon structure is minor, but if the injury worsens—as is often does when runners continue to run and race on an aching Achilles tendon—the structure of the collagen at the site of the injury becomes more and more deteriorated.

Once chronic Achilles tendonitis or rather, tendonosis, a true degeneration of the tendon sets in, the collagen fibers at the site of the injury look more like a plate of spaghetti than the neatly-combed parallel strands in healthy tendons.

But a good body of research has found that inflammation plays little or no role in the injury process in the Achilles tendon. Rather, the tissue samples of the tendon—usually taken from a patient during surgery for chronic Achilles tendonitis or an Achilles tendon rupture—show marked signs of degeneration.

The formerly-neat rows of collagen become a tangled mess replete with fibrous buildups. Further, when viewing multiple tissue samples, it becomes evident that the degeneration occurs gradually over time and without any concurrent inflammation. Since few athletes with a minor Achilles injury only a few days old are willing to have their tendons sliced open in the name of science, the best we can do to investigate this is to look at animal studies.

Some research even suggests than anti-inflammatory drugs can inhibit tendon healing. A schematic in Rees et al. Ultimately, all evidence points towards Achilles tendonitis being predominantly a degenerative injury without inflammation.

Chronic overuse causes damage to the collagen fibers that make up the tendon; in a healthy tendon, the response would be remodeling and strengthening of the tendon fibers, but sometimes, either because of the degree of loading on the tendon i.

As a result, collagen fibers become disorganized, and further stress results in more strain and damage to the tendon. This same degeneration process has been found in Achilles tendons which have ruptured, which is exactly what it sounds like—a macroscopic tear in the tendon which usually causes severe pain and an inability to use the tendon at all.

Symptoms and diagnosis Achilles tendonitis manifests as an aching, painful sensation in the Achilles tendon.Once again feminists are getting their girdles in a bunch over an ad that features an attractive woman. Protein World recently released an ad featuring a scantily clad and attractive female as the poster child to promote their line of weight loss products in advance of summer.

It may seem like elite athletes don’t ever have asthma. After all, athletes need a robust supply of oxygen during their competitions. And symptoms like wheezing and coughing might seem to hinder.

the coaching profession on behalf of female student-athletes as a possible reason, as only 10% of female athletes intended to pursue a career in intercollegiate athletes. The IOC made steps to advocate for women by helping Saudi Arabia and Qatar send female athletes to the Games.

The next step is to ensure that female athletes receive the same treatment as their male counterparts and not to allow a class system develop in which athletes are . Female athletes are treated unfairly.

The wage gap and the lack of respect for women's sports needs to change. These are the obstacles that female athletes face in the world because of the way an overwhelming majority of society views and treats women's sports. Jun 17,  · Despite only 51 percent of its athletes being men, Texas spent 58 percent of its athletic aid on men during the school year.

Texas reported $65,, in men's and women's team expenses that year. 71 percent of the spending went to men's sports (about $27 million more than women's sports).

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