Child protection policy and reform Essay: Child protection policy and reform The Australian Institute of Family Studies AIFS Child Family and Community Australia CFCA identified that the current approach to child protection in Australia has acknowledged the roles the state and territory governments must play in protecting all children from abuse and neglect. It also explained that governments had assumed their obligation in meeting the essential developmental needs of all children, particularly those children whose parents cannot or do not provide a safe, protective environment or whose parents are responsible for the abuse or neglect these children experienced.
Child protection policy and reform Essay: Child protection policy and reform The Australian Institute of Family Studies AIFS Child Family and Community Australia CFCA identified that the current approach to child protection in Australia has acknowledged the roles the state and territory governments must play in protecting all children from abuse and neglect.
It also explained that governments had assumed their obligation in meeting the essential developmental needs of all children, particularly those children whose parents cannot or do not provide a safe, protective environment or whose parents are responsible for the abuse or neglect these children experienced.
The focus of these mixed strategies and interventions will be on the provision of primary service and early prevention programs which will be carried out and coordinated by non- government agencies as these have received government funding, including the provision of out of home care services.
All social policy including child protection policies are the result of government legislation, which is the result of a political process, and all policies are the result of an inherent political, ideological process. As critical social workers, it is essential that we are attentive, try to understand and question the changing social and political context in which policies and public interventions are developed and implemented.
It is important to be critically aware of the effect of a dominant ideological discourse in policy and actively engage in a wider debate.
Healey has expressed that policy may shape the constraints and the scope of the work social workers do and impact on the potential benefits offered to children and families.
Being able to understand what systems of ideas operate at a policy and organizational level assist us in understanding how and why government and service respond differently in relation to child protection at a particular time.
This essay will firstly provide a brief historical overview of the diverse ideological factors influencing child protection policy and practice in Australia and illustrate its evolution. Secondly, it will focus on more recent government child protection policy responses and reforms, the Special Commission of Inquiry into Child Protection Services in NSW which specifically identified challenges and gaps in the NSW child protection system.
Child protection policy ideology We have seen diverse Government policy and practice responses to child welfare and protection problems resulting in significant changes to child protection practice over time. Ferguson states that the ideologies that underpin the context of child protection policy and practice have changed.
According to Liddell this was the main response especially in NSW which experience an increase in numbers of abandoned and neglected children as a result of the gold rush period and the growing population. This movement underpinning ideology consisted of the belief that parents had a moral responsibility to care for their children that parents were expected to assume.
This was an early example of policy taking a wrong course of action and an example of colonialism at work impacting on families, in this case, Indigenous children and families through legislation and policy. By the s, we began to see a different response from government assuming more responsibility and increasing its use of legislative power to enforce adequate standards of care.
We saw the closing of many large institutions and the establishment of smaller residential facilities for children in need of care and protection Tomison,p. The ideology behind this child protection reforms Harris explained that was driven by a more overarching business discourse to increase the effectiveness and efficiency in the provision of services.
Laws also began to change at around this time, making it a legal obligation for health professionals to report apparent child abuse. We began to see the evolution of different theoretical models that inform the development of child protection systems Nett and Spratt Spratt also identified two other significant ideologies that have influenced child protection reform, and these are bureaucratic and technocratic ideology.
This change in ideology provided different child protection work practices, solutions, case management systems that were more legalistic and bureaucratic and it involved more layers of accountability Howe One of the criticisms of technocratic ideology is that it tends to exclude other ways of improving the skills of the workforce, for example, through staff development initiatives.
This review examined the following: The inquiry leads to recommendations, strategies for legislative, structural and cultural change in the NSW child protection system. Onthe findings of this Special Commission of Inquiry into Child Protection Services in New South Wales were released in the form of a three-volume report containing recommendations.
The inquiry into child protection services found that demand for child protection services was being met for only a fraction of the children reported, and that families were excluded from intervention or service provision because of the prioritisation of high-risk cases needing urgent intervention.
The Keep Them Safe action plan has proposed actions, some of these recommendations are new initiatives and others are recommendations to modify or to enhance existing programs.
Making FACS responsible for responding to cases where there is a risk of significant harm, Child wellbeing units established to assist determining cases of children at risk that warrant FACS intervening.
The cases that do not meet the Department identified risk of harm threshold for FACS services will be assisted by other family non-government agencies that receive funding from the Department of Family and Community Services.
These changes have resulted in Non — government agencies, expanding and extending their role and responsibilities in the field of child protection. The transfer of services to the non-government not-for-profit sector included the transfer of Out-of-Home Care and the Brighter Futures program a program for vulnerable young people More funding for early intervention and Non-government sector workforce and capacity building.
NCOSS also sought commitments from the government and the other parties to develop a comprehensive industry plan for the non-government human services sector.Consequently, non-statutory and charitable organisations target those individuals who are deemed not to be in priority need, helping to re-accommodate them.
Types of homelessness The first type of homeless is the situational explanation which aligns its reasoning with that of structuralist rhetoric. According to the Department for Education website, the statutory curriculum consists of: the national curriculum (ages ), religious education (ages ) and sex education (ages ).
The parents can withdraw the child from the religion education classes and/ or from the sex education classes at any age.
The steps being taken by the Government emanate from the approach outlined above. The app: has been translated into a National Disaster Framework [a roadmap] covering institutional mechanic; disaster prevention strategy, early warning system, disaster mitigation, preparedness and response human resource development.
As an example of this a school’s curriculum comprises both statutory elements (including the National Curriculum, religious education and careers educations) and .
Essay on Non-Statutory National Framework for Re It was in October that the Department for Education and Skills (DFES) and the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA), jointly published the Non-Statutory National Framework for R.E., which only applies to R.E.
provision in England.
Essay on Non-Statutory National Framework for Re Framework for Religious Education (R.E.) provides a credible guide for teaching R.E. to a full extent, it is crucial to first of all look into the background to the introduction of the Non-Statutory National Framework for R.E.