Rumelt described strategy as a type of problem solving in He wrote that good strategy has an underlying structure he called a kernel.
The processes used to manage a project must be identified, defined, and coordinated with all the relevant stakeholders to ensure efficient operations during project execution.
The staffing of a project depends on the decomposition of the project requirements into tasks, roles, and responsibilities for accomplishing the project requirements as laid out within the work packages of the WBS.
Staffing requirements must consider the knowledge and skills required for each of the identified positions, as defined in the Plan for Needed Knowledge and Skills specific practice.
Determine facilities, equipment, and component requirements. Most projects are unique in some sense and require some set of unique assets to accomplish the objectives of the project. The determination and acquisition of these assets in a timely manner are crucial to project success. Lead-time items need to be identified early to determine how they will be addressed.
Even when the required assets are not unique, compiling a list of all of the facilities, equipment, and parts e. Refer to the Organizational Training process area for more information about knowledge and skills information to be incorporated into the project plan.
Knowledge delivery to projects involves both training of project personnel and acquisition of knowledge from outside sources.
Staffing requirements are dependent on the knowledge and skills available to support the execution of the project. Typical Work Products Staffing and new hire plans Databases e. Identify the knowledge and skills needed to perform the project.
Assess the knowledge and skills available. Select mechanisms for providing needed knowledge and skills.
Example mechanisms include the following: Incorporate selected mechanisms into the project plan. IPPD Addition When integrated teams are formed, stakeholder involvement should be planned down to the integrated team level.
Stakeholders are identified from all phases of the project lifecycle by identifying the type of people and functions needing representation in the project and describing their relevance and the degree of interaction for specific project activities.
A two-dimensional matrix with stakeholders along one axis and project activities along the other axis is a convenient format for accomplishing this identification. Relevance of the stakeholder to the activity in a particular project phase and the amount of interaction expected would be shown at the intersection of the project phase activity axis and the stakeholder axis.
For the inputs of stakeholders to be useful, careful selection of relevant stakeholders is necessary. For each major activity, identify the stakeholders who are affected by the activity and those who have expertise that is needed to conduct the activity.
This list of relevant stakeholders will probably change as the project moves through the phases of the project lifecycle. It is important, however, to ensure that relevant stakeholders in the latter phases of the lifecycle have early input to requirements and design decisions that affect them.
Examples of the type of material that should be included in a plan for stakeholder interaction include the following: List of all relevant stakeholders Rationale for stakeholder involvement Roles and responsibilities of the relevant stakeholders with respect to the project, by project lifecycle phase Relationships between stakeholders Relative importance of the stakeholder to success of the project, by project lifecycle phase Resources e.
Typical Work Products SP 2. A documented plan that addresses all relevant planning items is necessary to achieve the mutual understanding, commitment, and performance of individuals, groups, and organizations that must execute or support the plans. The plan generated for the project defines all aspects of the effort, tying together in a logical manner: Infrastructure descriptions include responsibility and authority relationships for project staff, management, and support organizations.
For Software Engineering For software, the planning document is often referred to as one of the following: Software development plan Software plan For Hardware Engineering For hardware, the planning document is often referred to as a hardware development plan. Development activities in preparation for production may be included in the hardware development plan or defined in a separate production plan.A structured methodology for implementing IBP.
Contents As a first step toward establishing a unified integrated business planning process, the organization should identify critical-to-quality (CTQ) factors that could make the IBP process successful.
Within the four elements of the IBP process, some of the key CTQ factors that companies. Sometimes the best thing to do is step back and take a look at the key elements of a strategic plan.
Not to oversimplify the planning process, but by dividing a strategic plan into four areas, you can clearly see how to pieces fit together. This website is from TenStep, Inc., a global leader in project management training, consulting, and methodology. Download and view free webinars now!
The optimal integrated business planning process incorporates five key traits: Organization’s purpose Business cycle Annual plan , integrated planning is difficult to achieve and the resulting plans become fragmented and lose relevance to the organization as a whole EY - Integrated Business Planning.
Key elements of strategic planning in marketing are: 1. the process strategic 2. the process is about planning 3. the process is disciplined 4. the process is about fundamentals 5. the process is about decision-making 6. it is the long range plan 7.
based on operating plan 8. strategic management. ©SHRM 1 Six Key Elements of an Effective Talent Acquisition Strategy Laurie McIntosh, SHRM-SCP, CAE SHRM Director, Membership August 18,