Hire Writer A nurse is accountable to the public in the form of criminal law and they have a duty to maintain standards of care, which includes reporting incidences of negligence and poor patient care Thompson et al.
Hire Writer However, according to Tschudin this can be based on ones social, religious and cultural beliefs and these beliefs can vary, depending on what group one belongs to. For example a Nurse that is a Catholic may believe it is unethical to have an abortion.
But the law states this procedure can be performed under certain circumstances, which means the law overrides ethical decisions. Therefore if individuals have different belief systems, and what may be right to one individual may be wrong to another, consequently there has to be a regulatory body that can be Legal ethics assignment essay to help determine that an action contemplated is ethical.
The NMC code of conduct provides a guideline to ethical decision making and the standards of professionalism that are required by nurses. There are also theories of ethics such as Deontology, Consequentialism and Virtues. According to Herring Deontologist believes actions to be right or wrong based on duties or obligations regardless of the consequence.
Consequentialism considers that an action is ethically right or wrong based on the outcome. Virtue based ethics emphasises the individuals moral character such as honesty and integrity rather than actions based on duty or the consequences of an action.
Some of the underlining principles of these theories according to Fry and Johnstone are; autonomy — the right to be independent and make choices.
Justice — treating everybody equally according to there individual needs. Beneficence — to do good and non-maleficence to prevent harm.
According to Beauchamp and Childress no matter what cultural, religious or social group an individual belongs to they can commit to these principles. The ethical principles will be discussed in relation to the case study later.
This is also echoed in the NHS plan on consent where it states that a patient with capacity has a right to refuse treatment Department of Health Schwartz et al However, The NMC A-Z advice sheet on covert administration of medication states there may be exceptional circumstances when covert medication can be contemplated.
But it should only be done with the best interest of Mrs Reid and the medication must be necessary for her health or the protection of others.
The decision should be agreed by all and the names of all involved recorded in the care plan. The route and method of administering the medication should be discussed with the pharmacist. The decision to administer covert medication should not be made by one person. Did the Nurse follow this guideline before administering medication covertly?
The Nurse could argue that if Mrs Reid does not have her medication she might try to get out of bed and cause her injury fracture to neck of femur to worsen and take longer to heal. Or the Nurse could think that if Mrs Reid does not have the anti-psychotic medication she could become confused and cause harm to herself or other patients.
The nurse might think she is acting in the best interest of the patient and the principle of non-maleficence applies with regards to preventing harm. The ethical principle of beneficence can also be considered, because the nurse could believe she is doing good by ensuring Mrs Reid takes her medication.
At the time the nurse made the decision the disciplinary team might not have been available because of staff shortages. The nurse could believe that the principle of justice applies because it is unfair for the other patients in the ward to be disturbed or harmed by Mrs Reid and she could then be breaching her duty of care to the other patients.
The nurse has a duty of care to her patients in the hospital environment, however, if a person collapsed in the street, she would be under no obligation to help.
If she did attempt to help, she would owe that person a duty of care. But how could Mrs Reid react if she found out the Nurse has been crushing the medication in her orange juice? Mrs Reid may feel as though she has been deceived. This could lead to her not trusting the nursing team and this could manifest in refusing food and beverages.
The consequence of this could result in Mrs Reid being malnourished and could lead to her demise. The nurse would then be in breach of non-maleficence. Disguising medication is deceitful and the nurse would not be honouring the ethical principle of veracity. According to the NMC it is imperative for a Nurse to be trustworthy and honest.
The principle of justice requires a nurse to treat all patients the same whilst catering for there individual needs Schwartz et al With regards to the law one could argue there are many contravenes around the issues of consent and autonomy that are mainly covered in case law.
The Mental Capacity Act section 1, states that every adult has the capacity and right to make there own decisions unless there is evidence to the contrary Department of Health LAW/CLAW ESSAY ON ETHICAL REASONING ASSIGNMENT INSTRUCTIONS 1.
Review the following fact pattern and respond to the question at the end of the fact pattern by writing a brief (maximum words, excluding footnotes) essay. It is not unethical, unprofessional or unlawful to administer medication covertly in certain circumstance.
As long as guidelines have been followed in accordance with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) () and The Mental Capacity Act (). Professional ethics refer to a branch of philosophy in respect to human conduct, differentiating right from wrong and good from bad of such actions.
Integrity is a main essence of professionals. One should demand courage and vision. Law and ethics in nursing - Assignment Example On In Assignment Sample This assignment is based on the ethical and legal issues that are significant to nursing practice. LAW/CLAW ESSAY ON ETHICAL REASONING ASSIGNMENT INSTRUCTIONS 1.
Review the following fact pattern and respond to the question at the end of the fact pattern by writing a brief (maximum words, excluding footnotes) essay. 2.
This assignment is . Assessment? case study analysis & Assignment brief LAW AND ETHICS IN HEALTH essay-paper | Assessment? case study analysis & Assignment brief LAW AND ETHICS IN HEALTH - essay-paper Assessment case study analysis & Assignment brief LAW AND ETHICS IN HEALTH The case study: Tim, a 32 year old man, was admitted via the emergency department following a fight at a weekend .