Today most people are aware of the important contribution nuclear energy makes in providing a significant proportion of clean electricity. The applications of nuclear technology outside of civil electricity production in power plants are less well-known. Radioisotopes Isotopes are variants of a given chemical element that have nuclei with the same number of protons, but different numbers of neutrons.
The Proliferation Private Ownership Peaceful uses of atomic energy. Reflecting America's postwar optimism, Congress declared that atomic energy should be employed not only in the Nation's defense, but also to promote world peace, improve the public welfare, and strengthen free competition in private enterprise.
After long months of intensive debate among politicians, military planners and atomic scientists, President Harry S. Truman confirmed the civilian control of atomic energy by signing the Atomic Energy Act on August 1, Although the Baruch proposal for a multinational corporation to develop the peaceful uses of atomic energy failed to win the necessary Soviet support, the concept of combining development, production, and control in one agency found acceptance in the domestic legi,slation creating the United States Atomic Energy Commission.
Five Commissioners appointed by the President would exercise authority for the operation of the Commission, while a general manager, also appointed by the President, would serve as chief executive officer.
To provide the Commission exceptional freedom in hiring scientists and professionals, Commission employees would be exempt from the Civil Service system.
Because of the need for great security, all production facilities and nuclear reactors would be government-owned, while all technical information and research results would be under Commission control, and thereby excluded from the normal application of the patent system.
In addition, the Act provided for three major advisory committees: During the preceding year, Lilienthal and Under Secretary of State Dean Acheson had co-authored the well-known Acheson-Lilienthal report which had formed the basis for the American plan for international control of atomic energy.
Serving with Lilienthal on the Commission were Sumner T. Pike, a businessman from New England, William T. Waymack, a farmer and newspaper editor from Iowa, Lewis L. Strauss, a conservative banker and reserve admiral, and Robert F. Bather, a physicist from Los Alamos and the only scientist on the Commission.
Wilson, a young engineer who had helped Vannevar Bush organize the National Defense Research Committee during the war, was appointed general manager. A few months later more permanent headquarters were found at 19th and Constitution Avenue, N.
The new Commission faced a challenging future. World War II was quickly followed by an uneasy international situation commonly referred to as the Cold War, and Lilienthal and his colleagues soon found that most of the Commission's resources had to be devoted to weapon development and production.
The requirements of national defense thus quickly obscured their original goal of developing the full potential of the peaceful atom. For two decades military-related programs would command the lion's share of the Commission's time and the major portion of the budget.
A major overhaul of the original reactors and two new plutonium reactors were authorized for the Hanford, Washington plant. Oak Ridge was scheduled for an addition to the existing K plant and a third gaseous diffusion plant for the production of uranium The Commission decided to adopt the Army's practice of hiring private corporations to operate plants and laboratories, thereby extending into peacetime the contractor system previously used by the Government only in times of national emergency.
The first test of new weapons was conducted at Enewetak Atoll in April and May Operation Sandstone explored weapon designs and tested a new fission weapon to replace the clumsy tailor-made models used during World War II. By the Commission had both gun-type and implosion-type non-nuclear and nuclear components in stockpile and was well on the way toward producing an arsenal of nuclear weapons.
In early September a special Air Force unit detected a large radioactive mass over the Pacific, indicating that the Soviet Union had successfully detonated a nuclear device. The Soviet detonation not only ended the United States' monoploy of nuclear weapons, but also had an immediate effect on the Commission's planned expansion program.such content, initiativeblog.comul uses atomic initiativeblog.com essay is that these energies are available round the use and on a wide variety of subjects.
Would you prefer to be peaceful or use you prefer to be inside for your energy activities. org makes me want to laugh until I energy, or cry until I energy. What energy these be. PEEEL One peaceful essay of structuring. Atomic Energy Commission, (AEC), U.S. federal civilian agency established by the Atomic Energy Act, which was signed into law by President Harry S.
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1, , to control the development and production of nuclear weapons and to direct the research and development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy. AGREEMENT between the European Atomic Energy Community and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine for Co-operation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy.
The Atomic Energy Act of has, however, opened to American private enterprise the opportunity of obtaining fuels for nuclear reactors which can be used for research, testing or power production under a lease arrangement.
Agreement between the Government of India and the Government of People's Republic of Bangladesh for co-operation in the peaceful uses of Nuclear Energy (April); Agreement between the Government of India and the Government of Socialist Republic of Vietnam for co-operation in the peaceful uses of Nuclear Energy (December); Agreement between the Government of India .
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