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Visit Website Such ideas were not totally unfounded. As apprehension about Soviet influence grew as the Cold War heated up, U. On March 21,President Harry S.
|Cold War Concerns about Communism||In his first three years as a Senator, McCarthy accomplished nothing extraordinary.|
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Truman issued Executive Orderalso known as the Loyalty Order, which mandated that all federal employees be analyzed to determine whether they were sufficiently loyal to the government. Yet it was only one of many questionable activities that occurred during the period of anticommunist hysteria known as the Red Scare.
Probing Red Influence One of the pioneering efforts to investigate communist activities took place in the U. Under pressure from the negative publicity aimed at their studios, movie executives created blacklists that barred suspected radicals from employment; similar lists were also established in other industries.
Another congressional investigator, U. McCarthy of Wisconsinbecame the person most closely associated with the anticommunist crusade—and with its excesses. McCarthy used hearsay and intimidation to establish himself as a powerful Red scare and mccarthyism essay feared figure in American politics.
He leveled charges of disloyalty at celebrities, intellectuals and anyone who disagreed with his political views, costing many of his victims their reputations and jobs. The FBI and its longtime director, J. Edgar Hooveraided many of the legislative investigations of communist activities.
An ardent anticommunist, Hoover had been a key player in an earlier, though less pervasive, Red Scare in the years following World War I The information obtained by the FBI proved essential in high-profile legal cases, including the conviction of 12 prominent leaders of the American Communist Party on charges that they had advocated the overthrow of the government.
Hysteria and Growing Conservatism Public concerns about communism were heightened by international events.
Inthe Soviet Union successfully tested a nuclear bomb and communist forces led by Mao Zedong took control of China. The following year saw the start of the Korean Warwhich engaged U.
The advances of communism around the world convinced many U. Figures such as McCarthy and Hoover fanned the flames of fear by wildly exaggerating that possibility. As the Red Scare intensified, its political climate turned increasingly conservative.
Elected officials from both major parties sought to portray themselves as staunch anticommunists, and few people dared to criticize the questionable tactics used to persecute suspected radicals.
Membership in leftist groups dropped as it became clear that such associations could lead to serious consequences, and dissenting voices from the left side of the political spectrum fell silent on a range of important issues.
In judicial affairs, for example, support for free speech and other civil liberties eroded significantly.
This trend was symbolized by the U. Supreme Court ruling in Dennis v. United States, which said that the free-speech rights of accused Communists could be restricted because their actions presented a clear and present danger to the government. Americans also felt the effects of the Red Scare on a personal level, and thousands of alleged communist sympathizers saw their lives disrupted.
They were hounded by law enforcement, alienated from friends and family and fired from their jobs.The Red Scare Essay - The First and Second Red Scare of the United States paved the way for a long standing fear of communism and proved to be one of America’s largest periods of mass hysteria.
The ‘Red Scare’ was mainly a fear of communist takeover within America, this seemed very unlikely before the s but the factors I am going to discuss in this essay will bring some justification to why the fear of communism increased so rapidly and became such an issue in ’s America.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec The term Red Scare indicates two marked periods of strong and great anti-Communism in the United States of America.
The first Red Scare took place from the year to , and the second Red . Sep 13, · Americans also felt the effects of the Red Scare on a personal level, and thousands of alleged communist sympathizers saw their lives disrupted. They were hounded by law enforcement, alienated.
Red Scare: Rise of Mccarthyism Essay In the spring of , McCarthy commenced the now famous Army-McCarthy hearings, during which he made charges of lax security at a top-secret military facility.
It was during these crucial hearings when Welch boldly stood his ground against the perceivably unstoppable Senator. The red scare and McCarthyism’s influence and radical approaches during the ’s, contributed to fear of the Cold War because of the anti-communist hysteria and fear of attack from communist nations.