The priest describes the plague that is destroying the city — a blight on the land causing famine and sickness. Recalling Oedipus' early triumph over the Sphinx, the priest begs the king to save Thebes once more. Oedipus expresses his sympathy and concern, and announces that he has already sent his brother-in-law Creon to the oracle in an effort to end the plague.
Written in B. C by Sophocles, it is of the few remarkable plays that have stood the test of time. Through this play, the legendary Greek playwright introduces an array of archetypal The crucible and antigone dynamic characters, one of whom, holds the honor of having the play named after her, Antigone.
To understand the nuances of archetypal characters as opposed to stock characters, one must notice the change in the perspective and the development of a character. Stock characters do not stray from their stance and ideas.
They remain flat throughout the story and are usually a recurring segment in most literary works as a means of developing the narrative through familiar contexts.
Archetypal characters, however, evolve with the progression of the narrative, though they may also be of recurring principles. Archetypal characters resemble patterns of human nature, as perceived universally.
The plot is shared with the new ruler, Creon, who believes in his own right to pass cruel and unholy acts despite the advices of his counsel. This, in turn, earns him the wrath of the Gods, carrying appropriate judgement and his prelude to despair. The overall play and experience introduces a new dimension of morality and justice to the audience.
The playwright makes use of the chorus in delivering the context preceding the opening scene. The Chorus presents the two brothers of Antigone, Polyneices and Eteocles, locked in a battle to become the ruler of Thebes. The battle results in both their demise and the crowning of the new king, Creon, who favors Eteocles and forsakes his brother.
Antigone and her sister Ismene are unveiled in the opening scene, both of whom can be described as archetypal and dynamic characters to the narrative.
They first appear discussing the fate of their deceased brother, Polyneices.
Antigone wishes Ismene to help her bury her brother, disobeying the new ruler, Creon, who declared anyone that attempts to givePolyneices funeral rites to be stoned. Terrified of persecution, Ismene denies her sister of any aid. She further recalls the loss that had befallen their family previously, due to the curse of Oedipus and attempts to stop Antigone, but ultimately fails.
Haemon is hardly satisfied with the outcome and soon departs.
But Antigone soon reveals that she has already buried Polyneices. With his next scene, the playwright introduces Creon, the antagonist of the narrative, entering alongside the chorus of Theban Elders.
He attempts to gather approval of the Chorus for the atrocities committed against Polyneices and succeeds in persuading the leader of the Chorus, though out of compliance. Hesitantly, the First Guard enters and briefs Creon of the corpse being given a burial by someone without their knowledge.
Creon acts out in rage and orders the guard to bring the person responsible lest he should face his own demise and even accuses the guard of engaging in bribery. The guard leaves to find the offender immediately. The First Guard claims that after returning to the spot, they had removed the funeral rites off of the corpse and caught Antigone in the act of burying the body again.
When confronted, Antigone admits to the crime without a hint of reluctance. Furthermore, she courageously expresses the immorality of the decree and justifies her actions against it.
Creon, though enraged, understands that Antigone is valuable to the order of Thebes, as her marriage to Haemon carries more stability and peace than her death.
He emphasizes that her being the daughter of Oedipus does not put her above the law, and orders Antigone to return to her bed, publically announcing that she had been ill, in an attempt to resolve the situation.
But Antigone does not sway from her righteousness, saying she would rather die than see Polyneices unburied and left as food for the vultures and that she would only return to doing what she believes in.
Creon, in a final attempt to salvage the situation, tries to convince Antigone of the collective enmity towards her rebel brothers.
He explains how he made her parents miserable and how Oedipus, being unable to find the courage to imprison Polyneices, let him join the Argive army, only to return wishing death upon his father. They were both villains and Creon only endorsed Eteocles as his corpse was in a more sophisticated condition than its rival.
Creon then recommends Antigone to marry his son quickly, but Antigone is only left dazed of the recent revelations. In the next scene, Ismene enters the room and is interrogated by Creon.
She confesses that she had committed the crime, in an attemptto tie herself of the same fate as her sister.
Antigone, however, shows anger towards her and accuses her of lying. Antigone continues on, ridiculing Ismene of her abilities in the hopes of protecting her from Creon. But when Ismene threatens to bury Polynieces herself, Antigone pleas to Creon to have herself arrested, as she fears the disease is spreading.Haemon, Creon's son who was to marry Antigone, advises his father to reconsider his decision.
The father and son argue, Haemon accusing Creon of arrogance, and Creon accusing Haemon of unmanly weakness in siding with a woman.
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Religion, Rhetoric, and Revolution Inquiry questions: How does conflict lead to change? What problem-solving strategies can individuals use to . Summary. As the play opens, Oedipus, king of Thebes, receives a group of citizens led by an old priest.
The priest describes the plague that is destroying the city — a . Reviews. Separating the good from the bad from the oh-so-ugly plays of the dramatic world.
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