I have come across this picture which I think makes a good companion to the article and want to share it. Best, koboro Saay7, Thanks for the clarification. I think this is the first documentary article which has to be archived for our future reference.
Causes of Karma Jainism and God in Jainism In Jainism"karma" conveys a totally different meaning from that commonly understood in Hindu philosophy and western civilization. Hence the karmas are the subtle matter surrounding the consciousness of a soul.
When these two components consciousness and karma interact, we experience the life we know at present. Jain texts expound that seven tattvas truths or fundamentals constitute reality. Bandha bondage - mutual intermingling of the soul and karmas.
Samvara stoppage - obstruction of the inflow of karmic matter into the soul. Nirjara gradual dissociation - separation or falling off of part of karmic matter from the soul. According to Padmanabh JainiThis emphasis on reaping the fruits only of one's own karma was not restricted to the Jainas; both Hindus and Buddhist writers have produced doctrinal materials stressing the same point.
Each of the latter traditions, however, developed practices in basic contradiction to such belief. In addition to shrardha the ritual Hindu offerings by the son of deceasedwe find among Hindus widespread adherence to the notion of divine intervention in ones fate, while Buddhists eventually came to propound such theories like boon-granting bodhisattvas, transfer of merit and like.
Only Jainas have been absolutely unwilling to allow such ideas to penetrate their community, despite the fact that there must have been tremendous amount of social pressure on them to do so.
Karma operates as a self-sustaining mechanism as natural universal law, without any need of an external entity to manage them. Thus, to even think evil of someone would endure a karma-bandha or an increment in bad karma. In Jain theology, a soul is released of worldly affairs as soon as it is able to emancipate from the "karma-bandha".
Nirvana represents annihilation of all karmas by an individual soul and moksha represents the perfect blissful state free from all bondage. In the presence of a Tirthankara, a soul can attain Kevala Jnana omniscience and subsequently nirvana, without any need of intervention by the Tirthankara.
Even the Tirthankaras themselves have to go through the stages of emancipation, for attaining that state. Jainism treats all souls equally, inasmuch as it advocates that all souls have the same potential of attaining nirvana.
Only those who make effort, really attain it, but nonetheless, each soul is capable on its own to do so by gradually reducing its karma. Always present together in varying mix and degrees, these three qualities of maya bind the soul to the body and to the earth plane.
Above these three qualities is the eternal time. Due to the influence of three modes of Maya's nature, jivas individual beings perform activities under the control and purview of the eternal time.
These activities are called "karma". The underlying principle is that karma is the law that brings back the results of actions to the person performing them.
This life is likened to a field in which our karma is the seed. We harvest exactly what we sow; no less, no more. This infallible law of karma holds everyone responsible for what the person is or is going to be. Based on the total sum of past karma, some feel close to the Pure Being in this life and others feel separated.
Like other Indian and oriental schools of thought, the Gurbani also accepts the doctrines of karma and reincarnation as the facts of nature. Every deed is tracked by deities and spirits. Appropriate rewards or retribution follow karma, just like a shadow follows a person.
In the second phase, transferability of karma ideas from Chinese Buddhism were expanded, and a transfer or inheritance of Karmic fate from ancestors to one's current life was introduced. In the third stage of karma doctrine development, ideas of rebirth based on karma were added.
One could be reborn either as another human being or another animal, according to this belief. In the third stage, additional ideas were introduced; for example, rituals, repentance and offerings at Taoist temples were encouraged as it could alleviate Karmic burden.
The Chinese term "de" or "virtue" is reserved for what might otherwise be termed "good karma" in Buddhism. Karma is understood as the source of all suffering - what Buddhism might refer to as "bad karma". Li says, "A person has done bad things over his many lifetimes, and for people this results in misfortune, or for cultivators it's karmic obstacles, so there's birth, aging, sickness, and death.Top 10 Ways That Unsaved People Think Theyâ re Saved - Written by Martha Mac - takes a look at the Many ways which People think they're Saved, when Biblically they might not be.
From SO4J-TV Show: Judgment Day Are You Ready? We’ll begin with some controversial thoughts about a tenant’s right to renew its lease or, as we prefer, to extend the lease term. They are all grounded in the position that the right of a tenant to extend the term of its lease is not a gift from the landlord.
As You Sow so Shall You Reap. As you sow so shall you reap Good morning said a woman as she walked up to the man sitting on ground.
The man slowly looked up. This was a woman clearly accustomed to the finer things of life. Her coat was new. An Old Story Too Often Repeated by Gene Taylor.
The story is an old one. I have heard it many times. Others who preach have also heard it often. Yet, whenever I am confronted with it, it is still disheartening. PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION. The present book is a revision of my Latin Grammar originally published in Wherever greater accuracy or precision of statement seemed possible, I have endeavored to secure this.
1. When Was Matthew Written? 4 #christianity #germany #syria. Because the Gospel of Matthew is a copy of Mark (re-using 92% of its text and correcting some errors) we know it was written afterwards 1.
Matthew and Luke also share precise wording in several areas that does not occur in Mark, and historians are sure that a common source document was used for all of them.